Qist Al Hindi, Costus or Saussurea costus is a herbal plant that grows in the high valleys of Kashmir and the Himalayas. It has a large number of names in other languages, including “kuṣṭha” in Sanskrit; “kust” or “qust” in Arabic and Persian; “kut”,”kur” and “pachak” in Hindi and Bengali, “kostum”, “gostham” and “potchuk” in Tamil; “upaleta” and “kur” in Gujarati; “kot” or “kust” in Punjabi; “changala” in Telugu; “sepuddy” in Malayalam; “kostha” in Kannada; “kuth” or “postkhai” in Kashmiri; and “kosht” (קשט) in Hebrew; “koto” in Swahili. Saussurea costus is a classified as a perennial, with a typical growth of 1–2 m (3.3–6.6 ft) tall by 1 m (3.3 ft) wide. It has long lyrate leaves and heads of purple florets. The leaves take the shape of being auricled at base, with jagged, toothed patterns running down the sides of the leaves and are an average of 0.50–1.25 m (1.6–4.1 ft) long. The roots of the plant are stout and can travel up to 40 cm (16 in) in length. Costus root has bitter smell in a yellow or light brown color. There are two types of Costus Root. Both come in the form of a dried root and both provide amazing healing benefits: “Qist al-Bahri”, which is lighter in color and more mild. “Qist al-Hindi”, which is darker in color and has a stronger flavor.